Graphite forms and names

Other form of Graphite

Synthetic graphite is a manufactured product made by high-temperature treatment of amorphous carbon materials. Since this is manmade item under controlled conditions, purity is generally above 98%. Synthetic graphite is calcined petroleum coke and coal tar pitch, both of which are composed of highly graphitizable forms of carbon. During process of making synthetic graphite applied temperature goes beyond 3000 degree Centigrade.

Properties

Graphite is highly conductivity of heat and electricity. It is non wetting, non reactive, slippery, black colored material, highly stable, oxidation prone above 500 degree centigrade.

Other Names

Historically, graphite was called blacklead and plumbago. Even today lower grade natural graphite powder used for coating purpose in foundries is called as Plumbago.